Purpose and objectives of the project

Promoting the efficient use of water resources and optimal development of the electricity generation in Central Asian countries; opening up opportunities for the joint operation of energy systems to promote economic growth and improve living standards.

Description of the project

Central Asia faces major sustainable development challenges in relation to water and energy supplies. The deterioration of irrigation systems, reluctance to adopt new technology and suboptimal river management have caused water shortages in the Aral Sea Basin. Improving the management of rivers, overhauling irrigation systems and introducing modern agricultural irrigation methods will help to eliminate water shortages. Improving the region’s energy systems and exploiting the potential for them to operate in parallel will reduce the need to build additional energy facilities, help to meet the growing demand for electricity and improve the reliability of energy supplies to consumers.

Figures and facts

Summer water shortages: up to 26%
Electricity shortages: up to 5 billion kWh per year
Efficiency of irrigation systems: 50%
Increase in electricity consumption: 46% by 2035
Percentage of efficiently irrigated land: under 10%
Energy exchanges between countries: down by 80% since the 1990s
Reduction in CO2 emission: 5 million tonnes per year
Additional agricultural output: up to 5 million tonnes per year
Water conservation: up to 40%
Need for new energy facilities: down by 30%

the future

Key integration megaprojects
Key integration megaprojects

Eurasian Transport Network

Key integration megaprojects

Central Asian Water and Energy Complex