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The country strategy of the Eurasian Development Bank

Objective 1

Energy security

nergy security In the strategy period to 2026, the EDB will work to diversify electricity generation sources in Tajikistan and promote the country’s integration into the regional power distribution network.

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Priority 1.1

Developing small hydropower and solar energy

During the strategy period, the EDB will develop the water and energy complex by implementing its KIMPs, including the construction of renewable energy facilities (hydro and solar power plants) and the modernisation of existing generating facilities. These projects will promote Tajikistan’s energy security and integration with neighbouring countries..

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Priority 1.2

Reconstructing the grid infrastructure of the Central Asian Energy System

During the strategy period, the Bank will finance projects to develop and modernise Tajikistan’s power grids, including those that aim to reduce losses and introduce modern automated controls and metering systems.

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Objective 2

Food security and agricultural development

The EDB aims not only to improve the living standards of people engaged in agriculture by creating jobs and increasing the added value of products but also to unlock Tajikistan’s potential as an exporter of agricultural produce to EAEU countries.

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Priority 2.1

Developing small hydropower and solar energy

The EDB will foster the development of Tajikistan’s agriculture by financing projects that improve raw materials processing and increase the added value of products, including in agro-industrial clusters, and with priority given to green production. The EDB will help to set up and develop agro-industrial clusters. It will prioritise projects oriented to both domestic and foreign food markets with continuous and extensive demand. The Bank will also consider projects proposed by large cooperative associations.

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Priority 2.2

Developing the commodity distribution network and establishing wholesale logistics centres, including storage (cold storage)

The EDB plans to develop end-to-end commodity distribution infrastructure through the KIMPs; this includes projects to establish and upgrade transport and logistics hubs and wholesale distribution centres in Tajikistan, in particular its FEZ, using innovative technology and service standards. In accordance with its 2026 Strategy, the Bank, in cooperation with the EEC, will carry out a comprehensive cross-country analysis of trade and existing infrastructure. It will develop a concept for a Eurasian commodity distribution network, defining transport and logistics corridors and requirements for wholesale distribution centres in its member states, including Tajikistan. This work will inform practical moves to implement the concept and projects that could be funded by the EDB. The projects are expected to boost freight traffic and speed up freight handling, which will effectively reduce costs for all participants in the transport and logistics system and promote the transit potential and export of transport services.

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Objective 3

Diversifying industry and developing the private sector and entrepreneurship

The EDB will work to enhance industrial competitiveness, stimulate production and sales, and support SME development.

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Priority 3.1

Establishing and developing industrial enterprises in the country

During the strategy period, the EDB will stimulate Tajikistan’s industrial potential by financing projects that establish and modernise industrial facilities, including those granted concessional or preferential treatment in Tajikistan’s FEZ. In the FEZ, the Bank plans to finance joint ventures in pharmaceuticals and processing raw materials such as cotton, wool, leather, fruit, vegetables and minerals into finished goods. The EDB will also help to develop industrial clusters in Tajikistan. To promote agro-industrial clusters, the Bank will finance new manufacturing facilities that make up such clusters or intend to operate in them.

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Priority 3.2

Supporting small and medium-sized enterprises

The EDB offers loan facilities for local banks to lend on to local SMEs, including those that create and develop agro-industrial clusters.

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Objective 4

Digital transformation

The EDB will support Tajikistan’s digital agenda, supporting its integration with Eurasian countries, and will foster digital development.

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Priority 4.1

Helping to develop digital solutions to strengthen integration and promote interoperability between the countries

The EDB will focus on promoting digital interoperability and greater integration between the countries, and on synergising the digital agendas of the countries in which it operates.

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Priority 4.2

Supporting state digital projects

During the strategy period, the EDB will support digital projects that promote integration between Eurasian countries and the digital transformation of Tajikistan.

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Priority 4.3

Supporting digital projects in the corporate sector

The EDB will encourage the development of technology companies and support promising corporate digital projects in Tajikistan.

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EDB Investment Portfolio

As of April 2024

8 projects in three sectors:
Financial sector
Other sectors

16 April 2024
The petrochemical industry is a high-tech sector with a significant multiplier effect. It produces four out of every five items commonly used by people today. Currently, the industry is undergoing global structural changes, presenting significant opportunities for Eurasian economies. The Bank’s latest report titled Eurasian Petrochemical Industry: Opportunities for Deeper Processing outlines blocks of priority measures to unlock available potential. These include a clustering policy, additional focus on low-tonnage petrochemical production, and the implementation of circular production mechanisms. Unleashing the Eurasian region’s potential will make the petrochemical industry an effective way to address “path dependence” by enhancing process stages, promoting technological advancements and securing a foothold in the global division of labour.
12 April 2024
The Eurasian Development Bank (EDB) has released its latest Macroeconomic Review for the Bank’s six member states.
20 March 2024
The Eurasian Development Bank (EDB) has released a report titled Infrastructure in Eurasia: Short- Term and Medium-Term Trends. Eurasian countries  have incorporated the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) into their economic policies. However, their achievement is impeded by the significant deficit and high wear and tear of infrastructure. Transportation, logistics, energy, telecommunications, water supply and wastewater infrastructure suffers from inadequate investment. Rapid urbanisation, the active adoption of new technologies and climate change are driving new requirements for infrastructural development. The directions of trade flows are shifting, leading to the creation of new transportation corridors and energy links.
16 February 2024
The Eurasian Development Bank (EDB) has released the latest Macroeconomic Review for its six member states. This regular publication provides a roundup of the macroeconomic situation and projects near-term developments in the member countries. The review also contains detailed statistics on key macroeconomic indicators.
16 November 2023
In the summer of 2023, Central Asia was faced once again with water shortages and the significant impact these have on agriculture. The sector relies on irrigation, consuming up to 80% of available water, and has a poor track record with regard to the efficient use of water resources. The irrigation infrastructure is over 50 years old. More than half of all irrigated land has become salinised and 40% of water is lost through irrigation canals. A new EDB study entitled “Efficient Irrigation and Water Conservation in Central Asia” outlines ten practical steps for preserving irrigated land potential and promoting water conservation. The list includes four recommendations for adoption at the regional level and six at the national level. The measures are designed to save enough water each year to support sustainable development. Implementing the measures will require collaboration between governments, farmers and multilateral development institutions. The need for urgent action is intensified by the anticipated reduction in the flow of the Amu Darya River
04 October 2023
The Eurasian Development Bank (EDB) conducted a two-day workshop attended by over 50 officials from Tajikistan’s government bodies and state organisations, including the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Energy, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Labour, Migration and Employment, the State Executive Authority of the City of Dushanbe and Jayhun District, the Architecture and Construction Committee, the State Land Management and Geodesy Committee, the State Committee for Investment and State Property Management, Tajinvest and the Centre for the Implementation of PPP Projects
11 July 2023

The Eurasian Development Bank (EDB) has released the latest issue of the Macroeconomic Review for its six member states. This regular publication provides a roundup of the macroeconomic situation and projects near-term developments in the member countries. The review also contains detailed statistics on key macroeconomic indicators.

01 June 2023
The EDB has released its Macroeconomic Outlook for the Bank’s six member states. Bank analysts anticipate that the region’s economies successful adaptation to the new environment will support their growth this year. Positive growth rates are projected for all countries in the region: Armenia expected to grow by 7.5%, Belarus by 2.2%, Kazakhstan by 4.3%, Kyrgyzstan by 4.2%, Russia by 1%, and Tajikistan by 7.9%.

11 May 2023
A new report by the Eurasian Development Bank (EDB, Bank) examines the status and opportunities for low-carbon development in Eurasia. Energy, transport, industry, and the urban environment are the four pain points that need to be addressed in the first place. Coordinating countries in their low-carbon development efforts will help to avoid regulatory costs and internal trade barriers, enhance regional cooperation in line with green economy principles, and improve the competitiveness of regional producers. International development institutions play a crucial role in implementing the green agenda in lower-middle-income countries
13 April 2023
The EDB’s new analytical report, Food Security and Agro-Industrial Potential of the Eurasian Region, proves that agriculture is a key element of the long-term economic specialisation of the Eurasian Region. Calculations demonstrate that the region not only guarantees its own food security, but by 2035, it will also be able to fully provide food for 600 million people.  To realize the region’s globally unique potential it is necessary to accelerate the development of the technological base of the agro-industrial complex, improve agro-logistics and storage systems, support major producers, stimulate cooperation among small farms, and eliminate barriers and restrictions on mutual trade within the EAEU.

Dushanbe Representative Office

48, Aini Street, Sozidanie Business Center, Dushanbe 734024, Republic of Tajikistan

Outlook for the key macroeconomic indicators as of December 2023

GDP growth
Lower prices for metals. Diminishing remittances’ inflow. Capacity expansion in leading industries, realization of the government’s economic development programs, rapid population growth
Year-end inflation
Inflation pick-up in early 2024 underpinned by strong internal demand, inflation hike in Russia. Deceleration later during the forecast period due to monetary policy measures by the National bank to control inflation
Refinancing rate, year’s average
The refinancing rate below 10% in 2025 as inflation subsides
TJS/USD exchange rate, year’s average
Gradual depreciation in the context of higher inflation in Tajikistan than in its trading partners, lower refinance rate